Results and analysis of the 2017 general election, with reports from every count across Scotland and the key moments throughout the UK.
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Election 2017: Scotland - Proposed second Scottish independence referendum - Netflix
The Scottish Government has proposed holding a second referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom (UK). In March 2017, the Scottish Parliament authorised the Scottish Government to request a transfer of powers from the UK Parliament to hold a referendum, but the UK Parliament and Government has not agreed to this request to date. Scotland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom (UK). It has representation in the UK Parliament and the devolved Scottish Parliament has control over some internal matters. A referendum on Scottish independence was first held in September 2014, when 55% voted against the proposal. One of the reasons cited by those opposed to Scottish independence was that it would endanger Scotland being part of the European Union (EU). Following the Conservative victory in the May 2015 UK general election, a referendum on UK membership of the EU was organised. The Scottish National Party (SNP), which supports Scottish independence, stated in its manifesto for the May 2016 Scottish Parliament election that it would consider holding a second independence referendum if there was a material change of circumstances, such as the UK leaving the EU. The “Leave” side won the June 2016 referendum with 52% of the vote. In Scotland, 62% of votes were to “Remain” in the EU, including a majority of voters in every local authority area. There has since been debate about whether there should be a second Scottish independence referendum, or if it is possible for Scotland to maintain links with the EU after the UK leaves. On 16 March 2017, Prime Minister Theresa May stated that “now is not the time” to discuss another referendum, because the focus should be on “working together, not pulling apart” for Brexit negotiations. That month, Nicola Sturgeon, the First Minister of Scotland and leader of the SNP, announced she would seek Scottish Parliament approval to negotiate with the UK Government for a Section 30 order enabling a second independence referendum, which would take place between late 2018 and early 2019, “when the shape of the UK's Brexit deal will become clear”; this approval was obtained on 28 March. At the end of March, The First Minister sent the formal request to the UK Government for a Section 30 order. To date, there has been no formal response from the UK Government. SNP support for a second referendum was suggested to be a contributory factor to the party losing seats in the 2017 United Kingdom general election. The party won 35 of the 59 Scottish seats, 21 fewer seats than in the 2015 election. On 27 June 2017, Sturgeon declared that her government would “reset” the referendum plan to delay it until after the Brexit process has finished, instead of being held during the ratification period.
Election 2017: Scotland - British party leaders - Netflix
Then Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron stated in June 2016 that “There was a legal, fair and decisive referendum two years ago [...] the last thing Scotland needs now is another divisive referendum” and that the “best possible deal for the United Kingdom will also be the best possible deal for Scotland”. A spokesperson speaking on behalf of Cameron's successor as Conservative Party Leader and Prime Minister, Theresa May, said in October 2016 “The prime minister and the government does not believe that there is a mandate for [a second referendum]. There was one only two years ago. There was an extremely high turnout and there was a resounding result in favour of Scotland remaining in the UK.” Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn said in March 2017 that a referendum would be “absolutely fine” and that “I don't think it's the job of Westminster or the Labour Party to prevent people holding referenda.” However, a spokesman for Corbyn later said “Labour continues to oppose a further referendum in the Scottish Parliament and would campaign against independence if one were held.” Then Liberal Democrats leader Tim Farron in March 2017, said: “Scottish Liberal Democrats stood for election last year on a platform to oppose a new independence referendum. That is what we will do."
Election 2017: Scotland - References - Netflix